Paris facts and information. The capital of France is the largest city of continental Europe. The Eiffel Tower, Mona Lisa, Monet's paintings, the grave of Napoléon, Louis Vuitton, Disneyland, Paris Air Show and Motor Show are among the top attractions of the most visited city in the world. The 2024 Olympics will be held in the city. Facts for kids. Paris City guide.
1. The Eiffel Tower was the world tallest building until 1930.
2. Sainte-Chapelle was built in 1246 as a shrine for Jesus' crown of thorns, hosted in Notre-Dame until the 2019 fire.
3. The world most famous picture, Mona Lisa, is hosted in the Louvre, the largest museum in the world.
4. French King Louis XVI was guillotined on Place de la Concorde in 1793, during the French revolution.
5. The famous Louis Vuitton megastore is located 101, avenue des Champs-Elysées, one of the most famous avenues in the world.
6. Pablo Picasso, the famous Spanish painter, lived in Paris from 1900 to 1946, mostly in Montmartre and Montparnasse.
7. Jim Morrison is buried in Père Lachaise cemetery.
8. Hélène de Pourtalès, born Helen Barbey in New York City, was the first woman ever to won a gold medal at the Olympics games (Paris Olympics Games 1900).
9. The universal declaration of human rights was signed in Palais de Chaillot in 1946.
10. Emperor Napoléon was buried in Les Invalides in 1840. His tomb attracts 1.2 million visitors yearly, 70% international.
Since 508 A.D, Paris, also called the City of Lights, is the capital of France. France is a member of the European Union, the largest country of Western Europe with 550 000 km2 and the second country in population behind Germany with 66 millions inhabitants. France facts.
The city has 2.25 million inhabitants. It is the core of the Grand Paris metropolitan area (6.8 million people) and Ile de France region (12.01 million people). Grand Paris facts.
The city is very dynamic with 6 million jobs, 325 000 students studying at Paris University and other educational institutions, 140 theaters, 100 nightclubs, 96 cabarets, 90 movie theaters, 3 opera houses, 62 000 shopping venues.
From the Romans who conquered it in 52 BC to today's 6th Republic, the city has a rich 2000 year history.
The French Kings, who governed France, from 448 until 1848, commissioned famous Paris monuments, such as the Louvre Palace, the Invalides and Versailles Palace.
Over the centuries, faithful Parisians built beautiful Paris churches, including Notre-Dame Cathedral and Sainte-Chapelle in 13th century and Sacré-Coeur in 19th century.
Under the Romans, the capital of France was Lyon. Paris became the capital of France in 508 under King Clovis. After centuries with no unique capital, it retrieved its status under King Philippe Auguste who reigned between 1180 and 1223. See remains of the Philippe August walls in the passageway between the Louvre parking and Museum.
The city remained the capital of France until today, with one four year interruption. During German occupation (WW2, 1940-1944), the capital of France was Vichy.
In 2018, 50 million tourists visited the city and its region. The city remains year after year the most visited one in the world ahead of London and New-York City. The top reason to come are sightseeing and shopping. 393 000 people work for tourism in the city, the largest Airbnb market in the world.
The top sights. 2018 facts and figures in million visitors.
Download Tourism in Paris 2018 facts.
The Eiffel Tower is 324 meters tall. At its construction, it was the tallest monument in the world, a title it held for 41 years until the Chrysler Building in New York City was finished in 1930. Due to the addition of a broadcasting aerial at the top in 1957, it is now taller than the Chrysler Building by 5.2 meters. It is still the tallest monument in the city.
The Louvre Museum is the world's most visited museum with 10 million visitors in 2018. It is also the world's largest museum. Nearly 35,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century are exhibited over an area of 60,600 square meters (652,300 square feet).
The house of Nicolas Flamel, at 52, rue de Montmorency is the oldest in the city. It was built in 1407 by Nicolas Flamel a scrivener and an alchemist who claimed that he had made the Philosopher's Stone which turns lead into gold, and that he and his wife Pernelle had achieved immortality. The ground floor now houses the Auberge Nicolas Flamel.
The tallest churches in Paris are Les Invalides (height of the Dome: 107 meters), Notre-Dame (height of the spire before the 2019 fire: 96 meters), Sacré-Coeur (height of the bell tower: 91 meters).
The city is 9 miles East to West, 6 miles North to South, giving it an area of 33.5 square miles, 86.7 square kilometers. The city is 34 meters above sea level.
The highest hill is Montmartre at 128 meters. At the top of Montmartre, the dome of Sacré-Coeur is at 200 meters.
There are 6 million jobs in the Ile de France region for a GDP of 612 billion euros (83% in services), the largest of any European region. 75% of multinational companies with over 500 employees chose the city to locate their European head office, many of them in La Défense business district. The city has the highest concentration of headquarters of the 500 largest international companies in Europe. Lesser known, many start-up companies settled in downtown, attracted by Paris workforce quality and her lifestyle. Station F is the world's largest start-up incubator. The city is among the top exhibition and congress cities in the world. The biennial Motor Show is the most visited in the world and the Air Show Le Bourget is a biennial world class event.
The city hosts the French Government, 150 embassies and the headquarters of international organizations such as Eutelsat, the European Space Agency, the OECD, Unesco and Unicef. Paris is world's number two city for headquarters of international organizations behind Brussels, ahead of London and New York City. In 2017, Paris was, behind Barcelona, the second organizer in the world of international association meetings with 190 meetings (ICCA statistics).
The city is divided into 20 arrondissements numbered 1 to 20. The first arrondissement contains the Ile de la Cité, the Louvre and the Tuileries Gardens.
The other arrondissements spiral from there in a clockwise direction. A zip code such as 75004 indicates Paris, 4th arrondissement. Check map of Paris Arrondissements with top sights. The large Hotel de Ville is the administrative heart of the city since the Middle Ages. The facts are that the 20 arrondissement city halls have very limited power.
This web site has over 200 detailed pages of up to date facts and information on the city. Check among them:
The City of Lights is the romantic city of the world. Many singers romantically sang the city of love, specially during the last century. Most of the songs are in French.