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Grand Trianon in Versailles Palace
Grand Trianon in Versailles

Le Grand Trianon is one of the marvels of Versailles Palace. Le Grand Trianon was commissioned by Louis XIV, known as Sun King, in 1687 and designed by Jules Hardouin Mansart. It was inaugurated by Louis XIV and his secret wife, the marquise de Maintenon, during the summer of 1688. The 1920 Trianon Treaty was signed there. Palace of Versailles facts.

Grand Trianon history

The Grand Trianon was built in 1687-1689 by Mansart, to provide Sun King with the retreat he wanted in the park, far away from Versailles Palace and the constraints of the court.

Sun King occupied the Grand Trianon, where he housed members of his family: his sister-in-law, the Princess Palatine, his son-in-law, the duc de Chartres, his daughter, the duchesse de Bourbon. Marie Leszczynska, the wife of Louis XV, loved the place and lived there in summer. Marie-Antoinette gave several performances there but preferred Le Petit Trianon, which her husband Louis XVI had given her.

Napoleon ordered the restoration of Grand Trianon and stayed there many times with his second wife, Marie-Louise.

On June 4th 1920, representatives from Hungary, the USA, the UK, France and Italy signed there the Treaty of Trianon.

In 1963, Charles de Gaulle had it restored as an official residence and a guesthouse for Presidents of France.

The peristyle of Grand Trianon
The peristyle of Grand Trianon

Grand Trianon architecture

Its architect Jules Hardouin Mansart described it as "a little pink marble and porphyry palace with delightful gardens". Italian architecture greatly influenced the architecture of the Trianon, which stands between a courtyard and a garden. It consists of a ground floor covered by a flat roof. Pink marble pilasters punctuate the facades. The building has two wings joined together by a peristyle adorned with columns and tiled flooring. Most of the rooms of this delicate palace were furnished during Emperor Napoleon's time.

A room in Grand Trianon
A room in Grand Trianon

Trianon peace treaty

The Treaty of Trianon was signed in Grand Trianon by the victors of World War One and Hungary on June 4th 1920. World War One witnessed the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire into separate entities. The Allies recognised this at a legal level by signing separate peace treaties with Austria and Hungary. As with the other treaties with those who had fought against the Allies, Hungary suffered territorial losses that affected her economic strength, military restrictions and population issues.

Trianon peace treaty negotiators
Trianon peace treaty negotiators

Grand Trianon visit

Visitors focus on Versailles Palace and skip Versailles Gardens, their statues, fountains and their three marvels: the Grand Canal, Petit Trianon, Grand Trianon. Take a full day to visit both. Spend much time in Versailles Gardens. Visit Le Grand Trianon. Rent a boat on the Grand Canal (1 hour costs 16 euros) or a bicycle in the park (1 hour costs 7.50 euros). Go to one of two good restaurants: La Flottille or La Petite Venise. The visit of Grand Trianon and a lunch at La Petite Venise are included in Versailles Palace full day tour from Paris. Information. Map of Chateau de Versailles.

The garden of Grand Trianon
The garden of Grand Trianon
Map of the Queen's estate including the Trianons

Grand Trianon on the map of Marie-Antoinette's estate in Versailles

Le Grand Trianon is part of the domain of Marie-Antoinette. The domain also includes the Queen's Hamlet (Hameau de la Reine), a rustic retreat built for Marie Antoinette in 1783. Designed with the help of the famous painter Hubert Robert, it contained a meadowland with lakes and streams, a Temple of Love, a belvedere, with a neighbouring grotto and cascade.

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