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Paris facts

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Paris facts: Eifel Tower Paris The Eiffel Tower is located in Paris on the Seine river banks

Paris facts: the capital of France

Since 508 A.D, Paris is the capital of France. France, a member of the European Union, is the largest country of Western Europe with 550 000 km2 and the second country in population behind Germany with 66 millions inhabitants.

Paris has 2.275 million inhabitants (last census in 2011). She is the core of Grand Paris Metropolitan Area (7,2 million inhabitants) and Ile de France region (11.9 million people).

Paris is a dynamic city with 325 000 students studying at Paris University and other educational institutions, 140 theaters, 100 nightclubs, 96 cabarets, 90 movie theaters, 3 opera houses, 62 000 shopping venues. There are 6 million jobs in the Ile de France region for a GDP of 612 billion euros (83% in services), the largest of any european region.

Eiffel Tower
The Eiffel Tower height with antenna: 324 meters
Visitors in 2015: 6.9 million. Eiffel Tower facts

Paris facts: history

From the Romans to today's Vth Republic, Paris has a rich 2000 year history. See details of Paris history.

The French Kings, who governed France, from 448 until 1848, commissioned many beautiful monuments, such as Versailles Palace and the Louvre Museum.

The Catholic Church and Parisians built many great churches, including Notre Dame, Sainte Chapelle, Sacre Coeur and Saint Germain des Pres.

Paris facts: a world city

Paris is a world capital of shopping and fashion. Chanel, Dior, Hermes, Louis Vuitton are the most prestigious among many top french fashion brands.

Culture is everywhere with many world class museums, concert venues and a great variety of movie theaters.

The french tradition of good food and wine still prevails in many restaurants, including gastronomic restaurants and excellent family style places.

All of this turns Paris into a unique tourist city.

La Defense in Paris
La Defense is Europe's largest business district. 180 000 people work in La Defense. La Defense facts

Paris facts: the most visited city

In 2014, 45.9 million tourists visited Paris and the Paris region, including Disneyland Paris and Versailles. Paris remains year after year the most visited city in the world ahead of London and New York City.

The top Paris attractions are Notre Dame Cathedral (14.3), Disneyland Paris (14.2 million visitors in 2014), the Sacre Coeur (11), the Louvre Museum (9.2), Versailles Palace (7.5), the Eiffel Tower (7.1), Centre Pompidou (3.4) and the Cite des Sciences (2.3).

Disneyland in Paris
Disneyland Paris is the only Disney Park in Europe
and most visited Paris sight. Disneyland Paris facts

Geographical facts about Paris

Continent: Europe
Country: France
Region: Ile de France
Coordinates: 48:51:17N 2:20:12E
Altitude: 34 meters
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Language: French
Time Zone: Central European Time (CET)
Paris weather

Paris topography

The city of Paris is 9 miles East to West, 6 miles North to South, giving it an area of 33.5 square miles, 86.7 square kilometers. Paris is 34 meters above sea level.

The highest hill of Paris is Montmartre at 128 meters. At the top of Montmartre hill, the dome of Sacre Coeur is at 200m.

The Seine river flows through Paris from South West to South East. The North bank is the Right Bank, la Rive Droite. The South bank is the Left Bank, la Rive Gauche.

The Seine river flows through Paris
The Seine river flows 13 km through Paris. Top Paris sights are seen from the river. Seine river map

Paris city administration

Paris is divided into 20 arrondissements numbered 1 to 20. The first arrondissement contains the Ile de la Cite, the Louvre and the Tuileries Gardens.

The other arrondissements spiral from there in a clockwise direction. A zip code such as 75004 indicates Paris, 4th arrondissement. See detailed map of Paris Arrondissements with top Paris sights. Paris has one main City Hall and 20 arrondissement city halls.

Montmartre is Paris highest point
Montmartre is Paris highest point at 128 meters. Sacre Coeur is top Montmartre sight. Montmartre facts

The capital of France in history

Under the Romans, the capital of France was Lyon (location). Paris became the capital of France in 508 under King Clovis (picture). After centuries with no unique capital, Paris retrieved its status under King Philippe Auguste (picture), who reigned between 1180 and 1223. See remains of the Philippe August Paris walls in the passageway between the Louvre parking and Museum

Paris remained the capital of France until today, with one four year interruption. During German occupation (WW2 , 1940-1944), the capital of France was Vichy.

Best Paris songs

Paris is also the romantic city of the world. Many singers romantically sang Paris during the last century.

Edith Piaf - Paris - 1949
Jacques Brel - Les Prenoms de Paris - 1961
Joe Dassin - Les Champs Elysees - 1969
Luis Mariano - Paris terre promise - 1952
Maurice Chevallier - Paris, je t'aime - 1930

Paris facts: map of Paris top sigths

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