Paris facts
Paris facts: Eifel Tower Paris

Key facts about the capital of France, her history, economy, geography, administration. Listen to famous songs on Paris.

Paris facts: the capital of France

Since 508 A.D, Paris is the capital of France, a member of the European Union, the largest country of Western Europe with 550 000 km2 and the second country in population behind Germany with 66 millions inhabitants. France facts.

The city has 2.275 million inhabitants. She is the core of Grand Paris (7,2 million inhabitants) and Ile de France region (11.9 million people). Grand Paris facts.

The city is very dynamic with 325 000 students studying at Paris University and other educational institutions, 140 theaters, 100 nightclubs, 96 cabarets, 90 movie theaters, 3 opera houses, 62 000 shopping venues. There are 6 million jobs in the Ile de France region for a GDP of 612 billion euros (83% in services), the largest of any european region.

Eiffel Tower
The Eiffel Tower height with antenna: 324 meters
Visitors in 2015: 6.91 million. Eiffel Tower facts

Paris history facts

From the Romans to today's Vth Republic, the city has a rich 2000 year history. See detailed Paris history facts.

The French Kings, who governed France, from 448 until 1848, commissioned famous Paris monuments, such as the Louvre Palace, the Invalides and Versailles Palace.

Over the centuries, faithful Parisians built beautiful Paris churches, including Notre Dame Cathedral, Sainte Chapelle, Sacre Coeur and Saint Germain des Pres.

Things to do in Paris facts

Most travellers love shopping in Paris and French fashion. Chanel, Dior, Hermes, Louis Vuitton are the most prestigious among many top French fashion brands.

Culture is everywhere with many world class museums, concert venues and a great variety of movie theaters.

Paris museums | Paris monuments
Paris concerts | Cinema Paris

Food in Paris: the tradition of good food and wine still prevails in Paris restaurants, grocery stores and markets.

La Defense in Paris
La Defense is Europe's largest business district. 180 000 people work in La Defense. La Defense facts

Paris tourism facts

In 2014, 45.9 million tourists visited the city and her region, including Disneyland and Versailles. The facts are that the city remains year after year the most visited one in the world ahead of London and New York City.

The top attractions in town are Notre Dame Cathedral (14.3), Disneyland (14.2 million visitors in 2014), the Sacre Coeur (11), the Louvre Museum (9.2), Versailles Palace (7.5), the Eiffel Tower (7.1), Centre Pompidou (3.4) and the Cite des Sciences (2.3).

Disneyland in Paris
Disneyland is the only Disney Park in Europe and 2nd most visited sight in town. Disneyland Paris facts

Geographical Paris facts

Continent: Europe
Country: France
Region: Ile de France
Coordinates: 48:51:17N 2:20:12E
Altitude: 34 meters
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Language: French
Time Zone: Central European Time (CET)
Paris weather

The Euro is the currency in Paris
Fact: the Euro is the currency in France
and altogether 18 countries of Europe.

Paris topography facts

The city is 9 miles East to West, 6 miles North to South, giving it an area of 33.5 square miles, 86.7 square kilometers. The city is 34 meters above sea level.

The highest hill in town is Montmartre at 128 meters. At the top of Montmartre hill, the dome of Sacre Coeur is at 200m.

The Seine, the river in Paris, flows through the city from South West to South East. The North bank is the Right Bank, la Rive Droite. The South bank is the Left Bank, la Rive Gauche.

The Seine river flows through Paris
The Seine river flows 13 km through the city. Top sights are seen from the Seine river. Seine river map

Administration of Paris city facts

The city is divided into 20 arrondissements numbered 1 to 20. The first arrondissement contains the Ile de la Cite, the Louvre and the Tuileries Gardens.

The other arrondissements spiral from there in a clockwise direction. A zip code such as 75004 indicates Paris, 4th arrondissement. Check map of Paris Arrondissements with top sights. The large Hotel de Ville is the administrative heart of the city since the Middle Ages. The facts are that the 20 arrondissement city halls have very limited power.

Montmartre is Paris highest point
Montmartre is the city highest point at 128 meters. Sacre Coeur is top Montmartre sight. Montmartre facts

The capital of France in history

Under the Romans, the capital of France was Lyon (France map). Paris became the capital of France in 508 under King Clovis (picture). After centuries with no unique capital, she retrieved its status under King Philippe Auguste (picture), who reigned between 1180 and 1223. See remains of the Philippe August walls in the passageway between the Louvre parking and Museum

The city remained the capital of France until today, with one four year interruption. During German occupation (WW2 , 1940-1944), the capital of France was Vichy (France map).

The walls under Philippe August
The city walls built under Philippe August (1190-1215)
are still visible in the basement of the Louvre.
Paris weather charts: most rainy season in Paris
Paris weather facts: there is not really a rainy season

Best songs about the city of lights

The city of lights is also the romantic city of the world. Many singers romantically sang the city during the last century.

Edith Piaf - Paris - 1949
Jacques Brel - Les Prenoms de Paris - 1961
Joe Dassin - Les Champs Elysees - 1969
Luis Mariano - Paris terre promise - 1952
Maurice Chevallier - Paris, je t'aime - 1930

Paris facts: map of Paris top sigths

Things to do in Paris Restaurants Stay in Paris Paris nightlife Transport Sport Paris Paris map
Places to visit in Paris Monuments Museums Paris for kids Gardens and parks Bus tours
Paris shopping malls Department stores French fashion Paris markets Flea Market Food in Paris
Places in France Normandy tours Paris wine tours Chateaux de la Loire French Riviera Chartres Lourdes
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