All the history and architecture facts about the famous Arc de Triomphe in Paris. In 1806, Napoleon, the French Emperor, commissionned the Arc de Triomphe to commemorate his 1805 Austerlitz victory. Completed in 1836, the Arc de Triomphe, inspired by the Arch of Titus in Roma and one of the top monuments of the city, crowns the Champs Elysees perspective.
Every year, 600 000 tourists visit the Arc de Triomphe, one of the most famous Paris monuments. A legacy of Emperor Napoleon, Arc de Triomphe is also the rallying point of French troops parading down the Champs Elysees on Bastille day, July 14th, the French National Day.
Arc de Triomphe is a memorial dedicated to the 1 500 000 French soldiers who died during World War One. The view from the top of Arc de Triomphe over the twelve radiating avenues from it and the whole city of Paris is spectacular.
Having won the Austerlitz battle against a Russo-Austrian army on December 2nd 1805, French Emperor Napoleon told his soldiers: "You will return home through archs of triumph". To honor his soldiers, Napoleon commissioned the Arc de Triomphe to French architect Jean Chalgrin in 1806. The construction was stopped in 1814 with the abdication of Napoleon and resumed in 1826. The Arc de Triomphe was completed in 1836 under French King Louis Philippe, the King who returned the ashes of the Emperor from Saint Helena Island to Napoleon's tomb in Paris.
Triumphal arches are one of the most influential type of monument associated with the Romans. The triumphal arch was often used to commemorate victorious generals. The surviving Roman triumphal arches such as the Arch of Titus in Roma inspired many rulers up to the present day. Arches in the Roman style have been built in many cities around the world, most notably the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.
The Arc de Triomphe is 49m high, 45m wide, 22m deep. It is covered by sculptures including La Marseillaise (picture) by Francois Rude (picture). The names of 128 battles fought by the French Republic and Napoleon between 1792 and 1814 are engraved on the walls under the vault (picture) with the names of the generals who fought them.
The Arch of Titus is located in Rome. It was constructed around AD. 82 by Emperor Domitian shortly after the death of his older brother Titus to commemorate Titus's victories, including the Siege of Jerusalem in AD 70. The arch of Titus has provided the general model for many triumphal arches erected since the 16th century. It is best known as the inspiror of the Arc de Triomphe's architecture in Paris. Emperor Napoleon was a fervent admiror of the Romans. Their style inspired the architecture and furniture style of the time. The most notable legacy of this influence is the Arc de Triomphe. The Arch of Titus measures 15.4 meters in height, 13.5 meters in width, 4.75 meters in depth. The inner archway is 8.3 meters in height, and 5.36 meters in width.
On November 11th 1920, an unknown soldier, meaning an unidentified soldier, was buried under the vault of the Arc de Triomphe, as a representative of the 1 500 000 French soldiers who died during World War One between 1914 and 1918. The idea to honor a French soldier who had died ﬁghting for his country was broached in 1916 by an ofﬁcial in the city of Rennes, who had ﬁgured in much of the ﬁghting. The idea gathered backing until, in December, 1919, more than a year after the end of the war, it reached Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau. He approved the idea, but proposed that a suitable tomb for an unknown soldier be installed in the Pantheon, the honorary burial place in Paris for France’s major historical ﬁgures. French veterans’ organizations argued that the unknown soldier’s burial place should be in a prestigious location reserved for him alone. They favored the Arc de Triomphe, originally built to honor military who died in the French revolutionary and Napoleonic-era wars. And so it was decided. Since 1923, at 6.30pm everyday, French war veterans and soldiers rekindled the Flame of Remembrance (picture) on the tomb of the unknown soldier.
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The Arc de Triomphe is often painted in the perspective of the Champs Elysees. Although none of the many famous painters who lived in Paris painted the Arc de Triomphe, there are a few lovely paintings of it.
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